Mount Merapi, Gunung Merapi (Fire Mountain), is an active stratovolcano located on the border between Central Java and Yogyakarta, Indonesia. It is the most active volcano in Indonesia and has erupted regularly since 1548. It is located approximately 28 kilometres (17 mi) with the peak altitude of 2.968 m dpl,( year of 2006) , north of the large Yogyakarta city, and thousands of people live on the flanks of the volcano, with villages as high as 1,700 metres (5,600 ft) above sea level.
Smoke can be seen emerging from the mountaintop at least 300 days a year, and several eruptions have caused fatalities. Pyroclastic flow from a large explosion killed 27 people on 22 November 1994, mostly in the town of Muntilan, west of the volcano. Another large eruption occurred in 2006, shortly before the Yogyakarta earthquake. In light of the hazards that Merapi poses to populated areas, it has been designated as one of the Decade Volcanoes.
Merapi volcano tourism is developed in various forms; for example the Kaliurang Kaliadem Kalikuning, Merapi Golf, Forest, and Plawangan Turgo-ascent of Mount Merapi. Trekking on and around Merapi is a popular activity (at least when the volcano isn’t spewing out hot gas and ash). From Selo, the nearest village on the North Slope, it is 3 hr hike to the summit for the fit and healthy. For others it will take 4+ hr to climb, and nearly the same time to get back down again.
The sights are dealt adequately with the provision of a wide variety of lodging and dining facilities around the waterfall. When the volcano is quiet, you can climb to the top. There are three General paths traversed climbers, both beginners as well as professionals, i.e. Line Kinahrejo/Kaliadem from the South side, the line through the western slope Babadan, and Violoncello/Plalangan from the North Peak of Merapi. All three of these lines require stamina or physical endurance and mental Prime and the third contains the risk of danger if not careful. The track to the top is a reasonable grade and is mostly the mountain’s natural water drains, a guide is recommended, can get muddy and slippery when it rains.